File:Varthema ttp.jpg|thumb|upright|Dutch title page of Varthema's book ''Itinerario'', 1654
'''Ludovico di Varthema''', also known as '''Barthema''' and '''Vertomannus''' (c. 1470 – 1517), was an Italy|Italian
traveller, diarist and aristocrat known for being the first non-Muslim European to enter Mecca
as a Hajj|pilgrim
. Nearly everything that is known about his life comes from his own account of his travels, ''Itinerario de Ludouico de Varthema Bolognese,'' published in Rome in 1510.